What is cosmetic surgery? What is plastic surgery?

Plastic surgery has two branches, cosmetic surgery and reconstructive plastic surgery. Cosmetic surgery aims to improve the aesthetic appearance of a person, while plastic surgery may include this, or just the reconstruction (reconstructive surgery). Reconstructive plastic surgery aims to improve function; however, it may also involve trying to approximate normal appearance, but that is not its primary function. Reconstructive plastic surgery is often referred as simply reconstructive surgery.

Some parts of the world completely separate cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery and term cosmetic surgery as elective surgery, non-essential surgery, surgery which the patient chooses to have; while plastic surgery is understood to mean surgery to reconstruct or improve appearance after injury or illness.

What types of cosmetic surgeries are there?

  • Buccal Fat Pad Removal
    Buccal fat pad removal is an excellent way of reducing the “chipmunk cheek” appearance that plagues patients. Often, their parents have the same facial configuration even in their 60’s and 70’s!Buccal fat pad removal must be weighed against the possibility of hollowness later on, of course. It must also be weighed with consideration of facial harmony as a whole (i.e. the cheekbone to cheek juxtaposition). The patient’s age makes a big difference as well. The procedure should not be performed in patients with “baby fat” in their early 20’s. only patients with legitimate facial disharmony.
  • Quick Results Reducing Facial Volume
    However, if patients have excessively full cheeks in their 30’s, and their entire family has the characteristic “chipmunk look”, how long do you want to wait for the patient to “burn through” their buccal fat pad and look good? Until they are 85 Buccal fat removal is a surgical procedure offering quick and gratifying results reducing facial volume especially in the middle third portion of the face. Therefore, such a procedure covers a wide range of candidates especially patients with round faces and “chipmunk cheeks” where natural aging will have minimal effect shaping them (chipmunk cheeks will not atrophy much with aging). With that perspective, an extensively experienced surgeon is the most qualified to perform such a complex surgery while preserving the “natural” look of the patient through conservative buccal fat removal.
  • Jaw Countouring
    Jaw Contouring is a type of surgery in which the objective of treatment is to narrow the lower one-third of the face—particularly the contribution from the mandible and its muscular attachments. There are several techniques for treatment-including surgical and non surgical methods.The size of the jawbone determines the width of the lower face. If the bone is thick and wide or the muscle is thick and bulky, it will result in a widened face. To reduce the size of the jaw line, the bone is filed down and a portion of the muscle is removed. The muscle will still function properly but the fullness will be reduced. This will create a more oval shaped jaw line with a softer and smoother angle. Surgical techniques are used to directly reduce the size of an enlarged mandible. Incision can be to the inside or outside of the mouth, though the internal incision is the most common because it leaves no visible scar. A burr is used to remove the outer layer of the enlarged mandible, narrowing the jaw. There are several jaw reduction techniques available-both surgical and non-surgical. Ideally prior to selection of a treatment, the patient is examined to determine whether the cause is due to the bone, the masseter or both. Additionally, if a treatable cause is present it should be identified.
  • Hair transplant
    Hair transplantation is a surgical technique that moves hair follicles from a part of the body called the ‘donor site’ to a bald or balding part of the body known as the ‘recipient site’. It is primarily used to treat male pattern baldness.
  • Gynecomastia
    Gynaecomastia is breast development that occurs in male. It can happen at any age and for a number of different reasons. Gynaecomastia or ‘Male Breast’ is the presence of glands in male chest area (in women such glands produce milk for breast feeding of baby after pregnancy). In the chest area some resistant fat may also get deposited giving the appearance of a female like breast. Male Breast results from an imbalance between androgen (male hormone) and oestrogen (female hormone) activity. The hormonal imbalance that results in the deposition of glands in the chest areas is usually temporary and commonly occurs in boys at the time of puberty (14 yrs – 18yrs). Once the glands are laid down in the chest area, they do not regress. Sometime the male breast develop due to obesity but cannot be treated by diet control or exercise. Also, since it is usually not due to any disease process, there are no medicines that can be given to treat this condition. Surgery is the only treatment.
  • Rhinoplasty/nose job
    Rhinoplasty commonly known as a nose job, is a plastic surgery procedure for correcting and reconstructing the form, restoring the functions, and aesthetically enhancing the nose by resolving nasal trauma (blunt, penetrating, blast), congenital defect, respiratory impediment, or a failed primary rhinoplasty. Most patients ask to remove a bump, narrow nostril width, change the angle between the nose and the mouth, as well as correct injuries, birth defects, or other problems that affect breathing, such as deviated nasal septum or a sinus condition.[1] liposuction( arms, thighs, abdomen, chin) Liposuction is a type of cosmetic surgery that removes fat from the human body in an attempt to change its shape.
  • Blepharoplasty
    Blepharoplasty Surgery is the most common form of cosmetic eyelid surgery, and is performed to remove excess fat and skin from around the eyelids. To achieve the best results, Blepharoplasty is most commonly combined with browlift surgery.
  • Genital Surgeries
    • Male genital enhancement
    • Vaginoplasty
    • Hymenoplast
  • Cheek Implant
    Cheek augmentation is a cosmetic surgical procedure that is intended to emphasize the cheeks on a person’s face. To augment the cheeks, a plastic surgeon may place a solid implant over the cheekbone. Injections with the patients’ own fat or a soft tissue filler, like Restylane, are also popular. Rarely, various cuts to the zygomatic bone (cheekbone) may be performed. Cheek augmentation is commonly combined with other procedures, such as a face lift or chin augmentation. High cheekbones are generally considered a sign of beauty, giving the appearance of youth and vitality. Although we have been utilizing cheekbone augmentation for many years in traumatic mid-face reconstructive surgery, we have recently realized that by augmenting an underdeveloped cheekbone region, cosmetic surgeons can transform a relatively flat one into a youthful and well developed mid-face. Although cheekbone surgery is often indicated as a solitary procedure, it is frequently combined with other cosmetic operations such as facelift, to enhance the overall effect of surgery.
  • Face Lift
    In cosmetic surgery, minimally invasive procedures use newer technologies, such as a laser, to perform procedures that once required extensive surgery and recovery time. Today’s plastic surgeons have available a variety of tools and techniques that make procedures such as facelifts and eye lifts more accessible and affordable. In fact, most cosmetic procedures are performed on an outpatient basis in fully equipped operating rooms under either local or general anesthesia. Recovery times vary depending upon the procedure, but generally the healing period is between one and two weeks for facial cosmetic surgery. In fact, most patients resume their normal activities within two weeks following surgery.
    Minimally Invasive Face-Lift
    For many surgical procedures, including cosmetic surgery, the method of choice has shifted from traditional open surgery to the use of less invasive techniques. Minimally invasive surgery is surgery done with the aid of a viewing scope and specially designed surgical instruments. The scope allows the surgeon to perform major surgery through several tiny openings without the need for a large incision. These minimally invasive alternatives usually result in less pain, less scarring, and a quicker recovery for the patient, as well as reduced health care costs. Most surgeries — from heart operations to vasectomies — are now being done with minimally invasive methods. In fact, operations and therapeutic procedures performed through smaller incisions are becoming standard in surgical medicine. In cosmetic surgery, minimally invasive procedures use newer technologies, such as a laser, to perform procedures that once required extensive surgery and recovery time. Today’s plastic surgeons have available a variety of tools and techniques that make procedures such as facelifts and eye lifts more accessible and affordable.
  • Breast Enhancement
    Breast enhancement is amongst the most popular cosmetic surgery procedures available today. It improves the shape and the sizing of your bust using breast implants or fat. Breast implants will also rectify moderate drooping of the breasts and can boost breast firmness. Breast augmentation or breast implants have been through significant refinement and enhancement in recent years. Much better breast implants and improved techniques have contributed to more reliable and aesthetically ideal breast enhancement results in addition to a smoother operation
  • Breast Reduction
    Breast reduction can be defined as the surgical reduction of breast volume to achieve a smaller aesthetically shaped breast mound with concomitant relief of the potential symptoms of a large breast.
  • Breast Upliftment
    Breasts lose their firmness and shape with age, due to weight loss and following pregnancy and breast feeding. Loss of volume along with loss of skin elasticity will cause the breasts to droop. The nipple and areola changes position and in many people looks downwards. Mastopexy (Breast Lift) is the procedure to reshape as well as reposition the breasts in its youthful position. Implants may be required to replace the loss of volume. Pregnancy after mastopexy will cause the breast to enlarge further and a well supporting bra will help. Mastopexy surgery is commonly performed as a hospital based procedure. The type of procedure depends on the breast volume, the amount of breast sag and the quantum of loose skin. Breast lift / Mastopexy surgery is the only option available to address significantly drooping breasts. Well positioned and perky breasts can be expected from this surgery. The final shape of the breasts can be appreciated once the healing is complete.